[英文文法] 形容詞



例:her two pretty new English teachers
       adj       N

例:those six strong young man
       adj     N


1. Something, anything, nothing, body, one+adj

例:something new
    pron. adj.

例:nothing important
    pron.  adj.

例:things Chinese
   N  adj.

例:(no one) else
   adj. prop. adj.

former, latter, inner, outer, main, upper, wooden, golden, druken, beaten, very, mere, only, live, utmost, certain, utter, spare
2. N+adj片語


例:a man of honor
   N  介系詞片語作形容詞用

例:the painting on the wall
     N  介系詞片語作形容詞用

例:a girl with brown eyes
   N  介系詞片語作形容詞用

例:the man (who is) sitting behind you
    N      分詞片語作形容詞用

例:the cake (that was) made by my sister
     N       分詞片語作形容詞用

例:food to eat
    N  不定詞片語作形容詞用

例:water to drink
   N  不定詞片語作形容詞用

3. N+adj子句


例:The boy who is wearing glasses is my brother.
   S(N)     adj子句     Vi  SC

例:This is the house where he lived in.
    S Vi  SC     adj子句

1. 做主詞補語﹝此類佔大多數﹞

例:She is pretty.  
     S  Vi  SC(adj)

例:They look alike.
      S   Vi  SC(adj)

例:They look [like superstar].
     Vi  介  N

例:He was alone in the house.
     S  Vi  SC(adj)   adv
2. 做受詞補語﹝極少數﹞

例:I found her absent
  S Vt O OC(adj)

afraid, alike, alive, alone, asleep, ashamed, aware, awake, allergic, unable, worth, well, sure, content, contented, ill……


例:The kid alone is crying (over there).
   S   adj.  Vi    adv.


1. N﹝主格關代+不完整子句→缺主詞﹞
N+who/ that/ which/ whose+N/+V+......(結構缺主詞,因為關代代了主詞)


例:An aberration is some property of a lens or a curved mirror which impairs(=impairing) its abilities to form a perfect image.                           

例:[Unlike other scientists (who pioneer(=pioneering) in the field of photovoltaic)], John Sallinger started at a very early age.

例:Geometry generalizes certain basic principles that govern(=governing) the calculation of various shapes.

例:Among all factors (influencing the agricultural yields), weather is the one (which affects(=affecting) farmers the most).                                          

例:During the rock concert, the singers [whose function was to involve the audience] were successful.

例:Those (who are encouraged(=couraged(被動用過去分詞)) to be independent and responsible in childhood) are likely to be more ambitious.

例:The forests of the island of Madagascar shelter species, which relate(=relating) those of region, were formerly several single pieces of landmass.

例:According to the investigation of GATT, reserves od oil which is known(=known) will be sufficient for the twenty-first century.

According to the investigation of GATT, known reserves of oil will be sufficient for the tewnty-first century.

例:Known deposit of tin can provide the world’s need for hundreds of years in the approximate of the earth scientists.

Journalists are prople who are engaged in reporting all what happens around the world.

2. N﹝受格關代+不完整子句→缺受詞﹞ 
N+whom/ that/ which/ whose+N/+V+......(結構缺受詞,因為關代代了受詞)


例:Of all the European cities, Paris is the one [which tourists like to visit most].


例:Robin Williams is an actor whom people think to be the best in the field of film industry.

例:Children exposed to large amounts of violence on TV may become temporarily more offensive, which results in more criminals whom we think to be the cource of terrorism.
3. N+介系詞+關係代名詞(只有whichwhom兩種)+完整子句


例:By tracing the eye of a typhoon, weather forcasyers can determine the speed at which a typhoon is moving.
介係詞如果前面的名詞是關於地點、原因、方法、時間,則必須選用適當的介係詞,而且介係詞+關代可以分別改為where, why, how, when


例:This is the place at / in which I met her.
 →This is the place where I met her.

例:This is the reason for which I met her.
 →This is the reason why I met her.

例:This is the way by / with / in which I met her.
 →This is the way how I met her.

例:This is the time on / at / during which I met her.
 →This is the time when I met her.

例:The chief factor for which he works inefficiently is still doubted.
 →The chief factor why he works inefficiently is still doubted.
請比較差異:The chief factor for his inefficient work is still doubted.

例:Taiwan is a country in which there are plenty of delicious food.
 →Taiwan is a country where there are pleny of delicious food.

例:John is my best friend from whom I always borrow money.

例:Since 1967, Caladesi Island has been a part of Florida’s park system for which archeological researchers are looking.




S+不ViSCto V

be+adj+to V

例:I am glad to see you.
  S Vi  SC toV表副詞

例:She is afraid to walk in the dark.
    S  Vi SC toV表副詞

例:I am eager to do it.
  S Vi SC toV表副詞

例:English is not difficult to learn.
    S   Vi   SC  toV表副詞

例:It is possible to do that.
  S Vi SC  toV表副詞

例:He was stupid to make such a mistake.
  S Vi   SC  to V表副詞

Glad, delighted, happy, pleased, afraid, anxious, eager, surprised, sorry, disappointed, ready, willing, certain, able, unable, likely, difficult, easy, dangerous, impossible, good, bad, kind, right, wrong, honest, polite, impolite, clever, wise, unwise, stupid, foolish, careless, careful……



例:I am fond of music.
   S  Vi  SC +N表受詞

例:Don’t be jealous of other people’s success.
      Vi  SC  +N表受詞

例:I am sure of it.
  S Vi  SC  +N表受詞

例:He is angry with his brother.
  S Vi  SC  +N表受詞

例:She is anxious about her daughter.
    S  Vi SC   +N表受詞
be afraid of 害怕 be angry with 對某人發怒
be fond of 喜歡 be anxious about 關懷,擔心
be jealous of 忌妒 be anxious for 切望,渴望,焦慮
be proud of 以~為榮 be eager for 切望,渴望
be sure of
(be certain of)
確信某事 be good for 有益於
be different from 不同於 be bad for 有害於
be angry at 對某事發怒 be good to 厚待~
be polite to 對~有禮貌 be kind to 對~何善
be sorry for 對~婉惜,因~抱歉 be grateful(thankful) to sb. 感謝某人
be responsible for st. 對某事負責任 be opposite to 與~相反
be contrary to 與~相反,矛盾 be ashamed of 以~為恥
be interested in 對~感興趣 be surprised at 對~感到驚奇
be pleased at 對某事喜歡 be pleased with 對某人喜歡
be content(ed) with 對~滿足 be satisfied with 對~滿足
be crowded with 擠滿了~ be filled with 裝滿了~
be full of 充滿了~


例:I am glad (that you have come).
  S Vi  SC    子句

例:He is afraid (that he may fail).
  S  Vi SC    子句


例:the rich 富者

例:the wise and the foolish 賢者和愚者

例:the strong and the weak 強者和弱者

例:the young 青年

例:the learned 有學問的人


例:a man (of honor) 正直的人

例:a man (of wisdom) 賢者

例:of great value 很有價值的


例:It is worth seeing.
  S Vi  SC   

例:It is worth one hundred dollars.
  S Vi  SC     

例:It is worthy of seeing. (be worthy of+受)
  S Vi  SC  +N表受詞